National Security Issues


Journal No. 1
The balance of power approach to the national security apparatus is central to my focus as it makes up the nucleus of core issues on the domestic front and ultimately determines how the Nation-state is situated in a global context. Undoubtedly, foreign policy, i.e., national security is indelibly linked to domestic security issues. While these forces intersect, as they are intermestic issues, it is possible to discuss them distinctly. The nation is comprised of many units of people. Yet, as a whole, it is a unit, distinct in its right, among sister nations. Therefore, it is possible to discuss the impact of illegal immigration on the domestic apparatus of a nation. At the same time, it is possible to discuss the same issue of illegal immigration and focus on its international [or foreign policy] components. The effort is made in order to infer the implications of foreign policy on the domestic front regarding a specific issue such as illegal immigration on the national front.
For example, immigration is a domestic issue for each nation, but it bleeds into foreign policy when the variables of borders and refugees and terrorism are factored into the equation. And for further emphasis, while immigration is a domestic issue, per se, migration is transnational and illegal immigration becomes a matter of foreign policy, as well as domestic policy. This is precisely because illegal immigration is a transnational problem affecting two national polities in similar yet wholly different ways. Illegal immigration is an example of a social problem that is intermestic, as such, an undeniable dilemma for nations to resolve.
It is incumbent upon the Nation-State to seek to maintain the hegemony of national sovereignty. The primary way to do this is to defend borders and boundaries and the people that live within these defined borders by right, that is citizens, by birth or naturalized. Thus, from this vantage point one might consider that  illegal immigration is a direct assault on nationhood, an act of war, as it were. People, not race, are what constitute a nation. While admittedly, in some nation-states various genetic strains are more prevalent, such as in India, in comparison to a place like the United States where mass migration of a multitude of many peoples defines the national character.   
For the purpose of national security and foreign policy as distinct or disparate parts of a larger whole, it is the intent of this research to highlight and maintain the distinction between the two. While also aiming to clarify how these distinct viewpoints intersect on the sociopolitical stage of world affairs. Precisely because the United States is a major superpower, it affords one the opportunity to use one's home country not merely as a point of reference but as a prototype; such a  starting point for research is of great significance. The United States is a glaring example of statesmanship on the global front while displaying the noble and enduring values of a Capitalist republic at home.
An additional area that underlies the current schism in political life is the ideological divide between socialism/globalism and capitalism. These divergent and opposing viewpoints are at the heart of the political divide and present internecine climate undermining our national fabric. This results in a destabilizing revolving force in the concentric global village. This primarily occurs by undermining the power of the nation-state by dividing its people. This leads to a central issue of our times, how are capitalism and democracy diametrically opposed. It appears at surface that attempting to fuse two opposing ideologies has not proven ultimately successful. Socialism is inherently compatible with democratic ideals where as capitalism is compatible with free markets, and choice.
The challenge to avoid obscuring the social impact of prevalent issues in domestic policy is ever present. Human nature is unpredictable.  States are made up of people. Yet the state has its own distinct character. In Models of International Relations, we learn that “modern realists avoid the unpredictability of human nature by turning their attention to the international system as a way to understand the state” (p. 16). Thus, the state takes on a distinctly unitary character in the larger global context it is staged upon. Ultimately, relational dynamics remain relatively consistent, while the intensity is increased as a matter of scale. That is, the individual is to the state, what the state is to the world, similar units and dynamics at play interacting at different levels of magnitude.

Bibliography

Holsti, Ole R. "Models of International Relations and Foreign Policy." Diplomatic History 13, no.
1 (1989): 15-44. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7709.1989.tb00042.x.


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